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[Up to 1834] [After 1834] [Staff] [Inmates] [Records] [Bibliography] [Links] A parliamentary report of 1777 recorded a parish workhouse in operation at Barrow for up to 30 inmates. Hawstead, too, converted a former Guildhall for use as a workhouse.
The Master's quarters were located in the supervisory hub at the centre, with different classes of inmates accommodated in the radiating wings, Exercise yards were formed between the wings which were further divided by brick walls. The workhouse was enlarged in 1879 with the addition of a new committee room, board room, and casual wards, at a total cost of around £3,000. From around this date, the Mill Lane workhouse received indoor poor and vagrants from the adjacent Bury St Edmunds Union.In 1836, a new union workhouse was erected at the west side of Mill Lane in Bury St Edmunds.It could accommodate up to 300 inmates and cost about £5,000.Parts of the ancient road plan still survive in its modern streets.After the invasion of 869 Ipswich fell under Viking rule.There was an entrance block on Mill Lane which included an access archway. The Bury St Edmunds Union's College Street workhouse which was closed down and most of the property sold off.
In 1898, the original school block was converted into an infirmary at a cost of £700.
There were also several hospitals, including the leper hospital of St Mary Magdalene, founded before 1199.
During the Middle Ages the Marian Shrine of Our Lady of Grace was a famous pilgrimage destination, and attracted many pilgrims including Henry VIII and Katherine of Aragon.
The modern name is derived from the medieval name Gippeswic, probably taken either from an Old Saxon personal name or from an earlier name of the Orwell estuary (although unrelated to the name of the River Gipping). The claim has also been made of the Essex town of Colchester, but that town was abandoned for some time, leaving Ipswich to claim to be the oldest continuously inhabited town in England.
The modern town took shape in Anglo-Saxon times (7th–8th centuries) around Ipswich dock.
A gallery devoted to the town's origins includes Anglo-Saxon weapons, jewellery and other artefacts. Towards 700 AD, Frisian potters from the Netherlands area settled in Ipswich and set up the first large-scale potteries in England since Roman times.