Absolute and relative dating techniques
The relative dating is the technique to ascertain the age of the artifacts, rocks or even sites while comparing one from the other.
Though using similar methods, these two techniques differ in certain ways that will be discussed in this article.Most commonly, the ancient factors of the rocks or objects are examined using the method called stratigraphy.In other words, we can say that the age in the relative dating is ascertained by witnessing the layers of deposition or the rocks.Relative Dating and Absolute Dating are two types of such techniques which are under practice to determine the age of the fossils, objects or civilizations.The relative dating is the technique in the Geology through which the age is determined with relation to the other objects.In radiometric dating, the radioactive minerals within the rocks are used to know about the age of the object or the sites.
Dating is a technique used in archeology to ascertain the age of artifacts, fossils and other items considered to be valuable by archeologists.
As the word relative tells that defining the object with respect to the other object, it will be pertinent to mention here that actual numerical dates of the rocks or sites are not known in this type of dating.
Other than rocks, fossils are the other most important elements in the relative dating as many organisms have there remain in the sedimentary rocks.
This means that the oldest are the strata that are lying at the bottom.
However, age of deposition does not mean the age of artifacts found in that layer.
In other words, we can say that in relative dating the archaeologist determines that which of the two fossil or the artifacts are older.